Publications/ Academia


“A lot of people do not know that I love writing. From now on I will publish once a month one of my academic papers and blogs:) I hope you enjoy them. Yours, Tessy ”

To start it off this week please be introduced to my paper on “When, why and how did the contemporary world come into being?” written in 2016.

Abstract: On the surface 1945 represented a break and fundamental change with what had come before. Yet, concepts such as globalization, industrial capitalism, and inequality remained familiar during that period, and so characterized vital features of the contemporary world. Indeed, these three features were nothing new to the contemporary world, because the prior foundation was already existent. This essay acknowledges that nation states already existed before 1945 due to the Peace of Westphalia agreement in 1648, also known as the Westphalia system. This system included the establishment of the beginning of the concept of sovereignty. This essay argues that the contemporary world came into being post 1945 due to the decline of empire which triggered the creation of a ‘world’ of nation states. This characterized a shift from empires, with former colonies, to new emerging, independent and sovereign nation-states all over the world. “The American pressure helped to ensure that one of the most noticeable changes made in the [contemporary] world polity has been the creation of new states [i.e nation states]” (Hall & Ikenberry, 1989: 69). Importantly, this paper is not a fully comprehensive study on the whole subject, because history depends on the angle from where one looks at it. Therefore, this essay is more of an introduction to the phenomenon of the ‘world of nation states’ and creation of a contemporary world closely to what we perceive it to be today. First, this essay addresses 19th century globalization and industrial capitalism as an economic driving force that led to the Cold War and eventually triggered decolonization. Decolonization will be discussed in great detail in order to show the extent to which it affected the making of a ‘world of nation states’. Second, it will link the effects of globalization, industrial capitalism and decolonization together, in order to justify the political emergence of a new ‘world’ of nation states. Lastly, it will show the relationship of inequality within nation states, which is fueled by globalization and industrial capitalism. “The major conceptual approaches that are available for contemporary analysis are only the most recent articulations of perspectives that have long been available” (Krasner, 1994:14). This means that there is continuity between the concepts of globalisation, industrial capitalism and inequality. However, it also shows that there is an evolution within the pre-existing foundations of these concepts that creates a more comprehensive approach towards the issues and challenges of the post 1945 contemporary world.

Read the whole paper here:


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